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Turabian drafted a set of guidelines to help students understand how to write, cite, and formally submit research writing. Seven editions and more than nine million copies later, the name Turabian has become synonymous with best practices in research writing and style. Her Manual for Writers continues to be the gold standard for generations of college and graduate students in virtually all academic disciplines. Now in its eighth edition, A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations has been fully revised to meet the needs of today’s writers and researchers. The Manual retains its familiar three-part structure, beginning with an overview of the steps in the research and writing process, including formulating questions, reading critically, building arguments, and revising drafts.
presents two basic documentation systems: notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and author-date style (sometimes called reference list style). These styles are essentially the same as those presented in , seventeenth edition, with slight modifications for the needs of student writers. Bibliography style is used widely in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography. The more concise author-date style has long been used in the physical, natural, and social sciences.
The following sample papers are for you to use as models in formatting your own Turabian papers. Please refrain from copying or redistributing them to others. To find out which Turabian form you need, we suggest you first contact your professor to learn whether he or she requires Author-Date or Notes-Bibliography style. We also explain when to use Author-Date style or Notes-Bibliography style. Once you know which to use, select the appropriate sample paper below, and begin formatting.
The Chicago or Turabian style, sometimes called documentary note or humanities style, places bibliographic citations at the bottom of a page or at the end of a paper. Check with the instructor who assigned your paper to determine whether you need to use notes or whether you can cite sources parenthetically in the body of your paper with a reference list at the end. You can find specific formatting, footnoting, and bibliographic information through the menu to the right, or download this information as a PDF. These pages explain the Chicago/Turabian NOTE system. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff (University of Chicago Press, 2013) also offer guidelines for parenthetical documentation and reference lists, the Chicago and Turabian styles are most commonly thought of as note systems, which are frequently used in history and the arts. If you would like more information on what needs to be documented, ask your course instructor and see our page on quoting, paraphrasing, and acknowledging sources. If you have questions about how to cite sources other than those illustrated here, consult either , 8th ed.
Turabian Style Templates in Microsoft Word document (.doc, .docx) format Thanks to Chuck Smith and Stephan Bloom, Turabian 8th ed. templates for student papers, theses and dissertations are now available for download in Microsoft Word 97-2003, and Word 2010 formats. When you open the file, you will be prompted to enable macros digitally signed by Eksendia LLC, maker of e Turabian. In addition, these templates also conform to Turabian 7th ed.
A complete citation (such as the following for a book -- author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, and page(s)), as outlined in Turabian, should be used for the first citation of each individual source. The author's name and the new page citation will suffice for subsequent citations of the same source unless you also cite another source by the same author. In that case, the author's name and a short title must be used. The first full citation should be followed by a sentence where you explain how you will short title it (e.g. The pages of your paper should be numbered, including the bibliography pages. The first page of the text should be numbered at the bottom center of the page and subsequent pages in the upper right-hand corner.5.